Earth Science Resources

Earth Science

NEW! Curriculum Units combine videos and experiments into an organized curriculum.

Minerals Unit
Rocks Unit

Select a topic and then scroll down to see the resources that have information about that topic.

Making a Solar Still Combine science and survival skills.
Imagining Geologic Time How can you imagine millions of years?
Igneous Rocks and Bubbles Why do some igneous rocks have so many holes?
Microscopes: Growing Crystals Continue your exploration of the micro-world by watching crystals grow.
Photographing Snowflakes Simple techniques for photographing snowflakes.
Microscopes - Making a Wet Mount Another way to prepare specimens
Microscopes - Making a Dry Mount The simplest way to look at things with a microscope.
Cloud Formation, Part 2 The role of convection in forming clouds
Cloud Formation, Part 1 How clouds form, part 1
Weathering and Erosion What is the difference between weathering and erosion?
Law of Superposition Reading the Rocks: Which is oldest?
Law of Crosscutting Reading the Rocks: Which is oldest?
Looking at the Present Reading the Rocks: Past and Present
Nephoscope Build a simple device for detecting cloud movement.
Cloud Types How to identify basic cloud types
Building a Rain Gauge For such a simple device, rain gauges can tell us incredible things.
Building a Rain Gauge, part 2 Take the next step in exploring rain.
A Model of the Water Cycle Make a scientific model of the water cycle.
Igneous Sugar Make rock candy to explore the difference between magma and lava.
Faults What is a fault? How do they form? What can they tell us about the Earth?
Paleo Cookies Combine science and chocolate to learn about paleontology.
Looking for Rainbows The amazing science of rainbows.
Measuring Lightning Use the Flash-Bang method to measure how far away the bolt was, and how long it was.
Planets and Pennies Try this easy way to visualize how gravity differs from planet to planet.
Ice and Soda Try this old trick for pouring soda with less foam.
Light as Air When we say that something is as light as air, what does that really mean?
Making Craters Make your own craters, and compare them with photos of the real thing.
Erosion From the beaches of Florida to the mountains of California, learn how wind, water, ice and gravity can erode big rocks into smal
Water Cycle Have you ever really thought about the water cycle, about how old that glass of water really is, and all the places it has been?
Continuous Change Just as we change as we age, the Earth changes too, wearing away in some places and building back up in others.
Fast and Slow Change From earthquakes that last seconds to continental drift that takes millions of years, the Earth changes in many ways.
Recycle With Americans producing 600,000 tons of garbage a day, it is important to look at what we throw away.
Wonderful Water Because it is so common, we forget how chemically bizarre water is.
Hydrothermal Quartz How can hot water form such beautiful quartz crystals? It takes a lot of pressure!
Mystery of the Glassy Tube How quickly can you figure it out?
Mystery of the Golden Needles Another Cabinet of Curiosities mystery.
Rocks An introduction to rocks and the rock cycle.
Identifying Minerals Using simple tests such as luster, hardness, and cleavage/fracture, you can identify most common minerals.
What is a Mineral? Forget "animal, vegetable, or mineral?" The scientific definiton of a mineral is much more specific.
75% Water 75% of the Earth’s surface is water., but that only scratches the surface, as Robert dives into this deep subject.
Bernoulli Effect A simple challenge that does not work the way you would expect.
Written Experiments
Understanding what "large deposits" means How large is a "large deposit?"
What is a Rock? Putting it all together
Understanding What "Internal Crystalline Structure" Means What is an internal crystalline structure?
What is a Mineral? Putting it all together Applying what we have learned.
Understanding What "Naturally Occurring" Means Understanding Naturally Occurring
Understanding what "inorganic" means. Understanding what "inorganic" means.
Understanding what "solid" means
Understanding what "chemical formula" means Understanding what "chemical formula" means
A Homemade Barometer
Evaporites Explore the rocks that you eat.
Foliated and Unfoliated Rocks Identifying Metamorphic Rocks
Rock Stacking
Egg Geodes Grow crystals in an egg shell.
Where to Find Rocks
Road Cuts
Geology in the City
Sorting Sediments
Clastic Rocks
The Rock Cycle
Light and Dark Minerals
Intrusive and Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Identifying Igneous Rocks
Bioclastics: Rocks With No Minerals
Is Snow a Rock?
What is a Mineral?
Quest: Is it a Mineral?
Identifying Minerals
Mineral ID: Color
Mineral ID: Luster At first, many people find luster a bit confusing, but it can be very easy.
Mineral ID: Hardness
Mineral ID: Streak
Mineral ID: Fracture
Mineral ID: Cleavage
Minerals Around You
Feldspar Group
Growing Crystals from Solution
Crystals from Cooling
Hydrothermal Crystals
Crystal Angles
Minerals: Master Supply List
Sweet Geology
Looking at the Present
Law of Crosscutting
Law of Superposition
Reading the Rocks
Minerals Glossary
Panning for Iron
Saving Water
Eclipse Watching
Pretty Pebbles
Bad Chocolate?
A Compass at the South Pole
Dew on the Window
The Wonders of Ice
Fault Blocks
Solar Distillary
Salt cubes
Sand Castles
Smell and Humidity
Simple Cloud in a Bottle
Why is the Sky Blue?
Listening to Lightning
Standing an Egg on its End
Blowing Out a Candle
Drawing Life Sized Dinosaurs
Quick, Easy Crystals
Earthquakes and Tsunamis
Ice Crystals
Richter Scale
Jurassic Vibrations
Old Water
Soil Types
Sand Angles
Weathering the Ages
Thunder Rumbles
Measuring Lightning
Sweet Geology
Hurricane Winds
Melting Icebergs
OJ Ice Crystals
How Much Rain?
Pinecone Weather
Is That Really a Diamond?
Homemade Fossil Dig
Light from a Lifesaver
The Solution to Crystals
Science Photos
Science Photo of the Day #978 How much difference is there between a 4.8 and a 5.1?
Science Photo of the Day #977We had graupel today, but it is gone now. Without looking it up, what is graupel?
Field Trip on the Grand Staircase Escalante National MonumentDinosaur bones and presenting science
Science Photo of the Day #975The Grand Canyon cuts through many layers of rock, but the Coconino Sandstone is very different from the other layers. What mak
Science Photo of the Day #961How does this lighter produce the spark to ignite the gas?
Science Photo of the Day #959A rock from our yard. What caused all of the curved markings?
Snow RollersSnow rollers!
Science Photo of the Day #957How did this form?
Science Photo of the Day #952What are some uses for iron pyrite, also known as "Fool's Gold?"
Science Photo of the Day #953How closely related are modern raptors to Velociraptors, the dinosaurs shown in the Jurassic Park movies?
Who Evolved on First?Who Evolved on First?
Science Photo of the Day #942What common chemical is this? Hint: The colors are from polarizing filters. The crystals are normally clear.
Science Photo of the Day #941we have had several days with lots of sun and temperatures up in the 60's, there is still a lot of snow on the ground. Why?
Science Photo of the Day #933Is snow classified as a rock? A mineral? Both? Neither?
Science Photo of the Day #928The day it snowed, the low was only 36°F. If the temperature is above freezing, why did the precipitation not fall as rain?
Science Photo of the Day #925what are katabatic winds, and why would they be important to us in the canyon?
Science Photo of the Day #920If cold water sinks, why does the ice form at the top?
Science Photo of the Day #917Heavy water played an important role in the development of the atomic bomb. What is heavy water?
Science Photo of the Day #915What causes lightning to strike from one negatively charged cloud to another?
Science Photo of the Day #898Not all mud cracks when it dries, and some muds crack more than others. Why?