# Whistle Stick, part 2

### Back to Whistle Stick, part 1

I hope that you made your own Whistle Stick, and have been playing...., I mean experimenting with it. I also hope that you spent some time thinking about the science behind the sound that it makes, because that is what we are going to explore this time. For your exploration, you will need:

• a wooden spoon
• a large container of water
• a Whistle Stick

It's always good to start with the basics, so begin by thinking about sounds in general. We hear a sound because of waves traveling through the air. Just as dropping a stone into a pond causes waves to spread out across the water, popping a balloon, vibrating a guitar string, or singing a song causes waves to spread through the air. When those waves hit our ear drums, we hear the sound.

That means that the Whistle Stick must be producing waves in the air. But how? That is where the wooden spoon comes in. We will use it in place of the popsicle stick, and look at waves in water instead of air. Hold the wooden spoon between your palms, with the end of the spoon in a container of water.

Slide your palms to twirl the spoon slowly in the water. As the spoon spins, it makes waves in the water. Try spinning it at different speeds, noticing how that changes the distance between the waves.

What you should notice is that as the spoon twirls, it pushes on the water to send out a wave. As you spin the spoon faster and faster, it makes more waves, and those waves get closer and closer together.

Now lets think about sound waves. The picture at the right shows a graph of the sound produced by the whistle stick. Notice that at the start of the sound, it reaches far up graph. The higher up the graph it goes, the closer together the sound waves are, and the higher the pitch of the sound.

If you click the picture, you can watch a short video, letting you hear the sound, seeing how the changing sound matches the graph.