In the Yeast and Sugar video, I added different kinds of sugar to bottles with yeast and warm water. One of the bottles was a control. What should have been in that bottle?
Just waterNo. With just water, you are removing two variables, the yeast and the sugar. You only want to remove the independent variable.
Water and yeastYes! A control should be exactly like the others, but without the independent variable (the variable you are changing in the experiment.) In this case, the variable you are changing is the kind of sugar, so the control should have everything except for the sugar.
Water and sugarNo. The yeast is not the independent variable, so leaving it out would not be correct.
Water and saltNo. Adding salt would be adding a new variable, which is not correct.
Click to see which state standards this question tests, and which of my videos, experiments, and other resources support that topic.
SC.5.N.1.4 Identify a control group and explain its importance in an experiment.
SC.7.N.1.4 Identify test variables (independent variables) and outcome variables (dependent variables) in an experiment.
3-5-ETS1-3 Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.