What season is the area that the arrow points to having?
WinterNo. In winter, the Earth's axis for that hemisphere would be pointed away from the Sun.
SpringNo. For spring, the Earth's axis for that hemisphere would be in between pointing towards the Sun and away from the Sun.
SummerYes! Even though that area is experiencing night, the Southern hemisphere is pointed towards the Sun. That means that it gets more direct sunlight and longer days.
AutumnNo. For autumn, the Earth's axis for that hemisphere would be in between pointing towards the Sun and away from the Sun.
Click to see which state standards this question tests, and which of my videos, experiments, and other resources support that topic.
SC.4.E.5.1 Observe that the patterns of stars in the sky stay the same although they appear to shift across the sky nightly, and different stars can be seen in different seasons.
3-ESS2-1 Represent data in tables and graphical displays to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season.
5-ESS1-2 Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.