Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards, Grade 8


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Notes for Teachers

I hope you will find these links useful. I have tried to select resources that either directly address the benchmarks, or that work well for supporting them. If you use a different resource from my site when you cover a topic, please click the "Suggest a video" link to let me know, so I can add it to the list. Also, if you find that one of the resources that i suggested really does not work for the topic, let me know that too.

Big Idea 1: The Practice of Science.


  • SC.8.N.1.1 Define a problem from the eighth grade curriculum using appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigations of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.
    What is Science? video, free, ClosedCaptions, Updated

  • SC.8.N.1.2 Design and conduct a study using repeated trials and replication.
  • Teacher notes

    You can illustrate the need for repetition and replication by using an activity such as using static charges to stick a balloon to their hair. ( Static Charges) Students will quickly see that the wide range of variables (hair length, hair type, humidity, etc.) cause different results for different students. For some, it will instantly work wonderfully, while others may need help from a hair drier, or may need to use a piece of clothing instead of their hair.

    Even when researchers work hard to manage variables, there is always the possibility of one being overlooked, skewing the results. That is why repetition and replication are important. If the results vary from one test to another, that is an indication that some other variable is influencing the result.


  • SC.8.N.1.3 Use phrases such as "results support" or "fail to support" in science, understanding that science does not offer conclusive 'proof' of a knowledge claim.
  • Suggest a video or experiment from my site for this benchmark


  • SC.8.N.1.4 Explain how hypotheses are valuable if they lead to further investigations, even if they turn out not to be supported by the data.

  • SC.8.N.1.5 Analyze the methods used to develop a scientific explanation as seen in different fields of science.
    The Right Answer video, free

  • SC.8.N.1.6 Understand that scientific investigations involve the collection of relevant empirical evidence, the use of logical reasoning, and the application of imagination in devising hypotheses, predictions, explanations and models to make sense of the collected evidence.

Big Idea 2: The Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge

Big Idea 3: The Role of Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, and Models

Big Idea 4: Science and Society



  • SC.8.N.4.1 Explain that science is one of the processes that can be used to inform decision making at the community, state, national, and international levels.

  • SC.8.N.4.2 Explain how political, social, and economic concerns can affect science, and vice versa.

Big Idea 5: Earth in Space and Time



  • SC.8.E.5.1 Recognize that there are enormous distances between objects in space and apply our knowledge of light and space travel to understand this distance.
    Sunprints video
    Making a Scale Model of the Solar System video, free, ClosedCaptions
    Global Science video, free, ClosedCaptions, Updated
    Sunglass Science: Birefringence video, free, Updated
    Sunglass Science: Polarized Light video, free, Updated
    A Color You Can't See video, free, checked
    How Far is That Planet? text page, free
    CD Spectrum text page
    Review Space-1 practice
    Review Light-3 practice

  • SC.8.E.5.2 Recognize that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and that each galaxy contains many billions of stars.

  • SC.8.E.5.3 Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.
    Making a Scale Model of the Solar System video, free, ClosedCaptions
    Planets and Pennies video, ClosedCaptions, checked
    How Far is That Planet? text page, free
    Review Space-3 practice
    Review Space-2 practice
    Review Space-10 practice

  • SC.8.E.5.4 Explore the Law of Universal Gravitation by explaining the role that gravity plays in the formation of planets, stars, and solar systems and in determining their motions.
    Planets and Pennies video, ClosedCaptions, checked

  • SC.8.E.5.5 Describe and classify specific physical properties of stars: apparent magnitude
    (brightness), temperature (color), size, and luminosity (absolute brightness).

  • SC.8.E.5.6 Create models of solar properties including: rotation, structure of the Sun, convection, sunspots, solar flares, and prominences.

  • SC.8.E.5.7 Compare and contrast the properties of objects in the Solar System including the Sun, planets, and moons to those of Earth, such as gravitational force, distance from the Sun, speed, movement, temperature, and atmospheric conditions.
    Making a Scale Model of the Solar System video, free, ClosedCaptions
    Global Science video, free, ClosedCaptions, Updated
    Planets and Pennies video, ClosedCaptions, checked
    Review Space-4 practice
    Review Space-11 practice

  • SC.8.E.5.8 Compare various historical models of the Solar System, including geocentric and heliocentric.

  • SC.8.E.5.9 Explain the impact of objects in space on each other including: 1. the Sun on the Earth including seasons and gravitational attraction 2. the Moon on the Earth, including phases, tides, and eclipses, and the relative position of each body.
    Global Science video, free, ClosedCaptions, Updated
    Why is a Full Moon So Bright? text page, free, checked
    Review Space-13 quest
    Review Space-12 practice

  • SC.8.E.5.10 Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.

  • SC.8.E.5.11 Identify and compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum such as wavelength, frequency, use, and hazards and recognize its application to an understanding of planetary images and satellite photographs.
    Sunprints video
    Sunglass Science: Birefringence video, free, Updated
    Sunglass Science: Polarized Light video, free, Updated
    A Color You Can't See video, free, checked
    CD Spectrum text page
    Review Light-3 practice

  • SC.8.E.5.12 Summarize the effects of space exploration on the economy and culture of Florida.

Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter


Big Idea 9: Changes in Matter


Big Idea 18: Matter and Energy Transformations



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